En-trak™ Smart Lighting - Data Security Brief


En-trak™ Smart Lighting is a Zigbee wireless lighting control solution available by subscription. Authorized users can access the mobile application to instruct the Smart Gateway via the internet to control their light fixtures within the gateway network. A web application provides viewing, control and reporting of these connected lightings in your facility.

Security Consideration

At En-trak, your data is by default private. As such, we are committed to taking all reasonable precautions to ensure this data is only available as intended by the customer. We care about security as much as you do. And we do it well.

En-trak automated tools monitor service performance for problems 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Our production equipment is hosted securely in Tier IV data center by Amazon Web Services, utilizing Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), Simple Storage Service (S3), Elastic Block Storage (EBS), and other Amazon services. These services enable a solution which is stable, secure, and scalable. The service is complete with 24-7 advanced security measures including full-time security staff, video surveillance and alarms to prevent high-tech breaches.

En-trak also employs Amazon’s Intrusion Detection System (IDS) and Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) to identify malicious activity and to initiate counter-actions. For example, En-trak’s server access is tightly controlled and only allows administrative tasks from a few specific IP addresses.

The infrastructure also has secure power supply and backup generators in case of a power cut, as well as complex smoke and flood detection and fire suppression systems and has been certified SOC1 under SSAE 16 & ISAE 3402 standards, ISO 27001, PCI DSS Level 1, and FISMA Moderate among many others.

En-trak Security Practices, Policies & Infrastructure

At En-trak, we consider the security of your information a primary responsibility. We take specific precautions to provide security while your data is in transit from your computer to our servers, as well as while it is being processed and stored in our data centers.

We understand that no single measure can effectively provide complete security which is why we employ a multi-layer approach with multiple security measures in place to help protect your data at all times.

Your data is private and protected

Right from the start, we build privacy into everything we do. It's not just our corporate tagline. It's how we choose to treat and respect you, our customers on a daily basis. We impose and follow a strict set of guidelines and practices to protect all private information. We do not sell, rent or share your information with any third parties for their promotional use. 

We use advanced, industry-recognized security safeguards to keep all of your data private and protected.
En-trak™ Smart Lighting uses industry-recognized secure sockets layer (SSL) Certificate Authority, together with password-protected login, firewall protected servers and the same encryption technology (128 bit SSL) used by the world's top banks to give you peace of mind.

The fine-grained role-based security allows you to specify who can access your data and what level of privileges and permission levels are to be granted to limit the access privileges of different users. We also enforce strong password requirements (adhering to PCI standards) for all user logins. You control who accesses your system and data, what they can see and do with it. Each person you invite to use the Smart Lighting system must create a unique login.

Physical Security

Our data centers are hosted in Amazon which is one of the most secure facilities available today in locations that are protected from physical and logical attacks as well as from natural disasters such as earthquakes, fires, floods, etc.

  • 7x 24x 365 Security. The data centers that host your data are guarded seven days a week, 24 hours a day, each and every day of the year by private security guards.

  • Video Monitoring. Each data center is monitored 7x 24x 365 with night vision cameras.

  • Controlled Entrance. Once in our data centers, your data is processed and stored on dedicated En-trak-only clusters where access is limited to a very small number of skilled technicians.

  • Biometric, two-Factor Authentication. Two forms of authentication, including a biometric one, must be used together at the same time to enter the data center.

  • Undisclosed locations. Our servers are located inside generic-looking, undisclosed locations that make them less likely to be a target of an attack.

  • Bullet-resistant walls. Our servers are guarded safely inside bullet-resistant walls.

Network Security

Our network security team and infrastructure helps protect your data against the most sophisticated electronic attacks. The following is a subset of our network security practices. These are intentionally stated in a very general way, since even knowing what tactics we use is something hackers crave. If your organization requires further detail on our network security, please contact us.

  • Secure Communication. All data transmission to En-trak services are encrypted using TLS 1.2 protocols, and we use certificates issued by SHA 256 based CA ensuring that our users have a secure connection from their browsers to our service. We use the latest and strong ciphers like AES_CBC/AES_GCM 256 bit/128 bit keys for encryption, SHA2 for message authentication and ECDHE_RSA as the key exchange mechanism.  

  • IDS/IPS. Our network is gated and screened by highly powerful and certified Intrusion Detection / Intrusion Prevention Systems.

  • Control and Audit. All accesses are controlled and also audited.  

  • Secured / Sliced Down OS. En-trak applications run inside a secured, sliced-down operating system engineered for security that minimizes vulnerabilities. 

  • Virus Scanning. Traffic coming into our servers is automatically scanned for harmful viruses using state of the art virus scanning protocols which are updated regularly.  

  • Throttling and Other Limits Mitigate Risk of DDOS: Online services are often at risk from “distributed denial of service” (DDOS) attempts. At Intuit, we use industry standard DDOS appliances to help detect, minimize and prevent potential service impact.

  • Regular Updates and Security Patching: We have quarterly/bi-yearly/yearly cycles to update software patches, including security patches for our hardware and software stacks. We listen to various security distributions from our vendors and identify proper actions to rapidly ensure security of En-trak users where applicable.

People Processes

Designing and running data center infrastructure requires not just technology, but a disciplined approach to processes. This includes policies about escalation, management, knowledge sharing, risk, as well as the day to day operations. En-trak’s security team has years of experience in designing and operating data centers and continually improves our processes over time. En-trak has developed a world class practices for managing security and data protection risk.

  • Select Employees. Only employees with the highest clearance have access to our data center data. Employee access is logged and passwords are strictly regulated. We limit access to customer data to only a select few of these employees who need such access to provide support and troubleshooting on our customers' behalf.

  • Audits. Audits are regularly performed and the whole process is reviewed by management

  • As-Needed Basis. Accessing data center information as well as customer data is done on an as-needed only basis, and only when approved by the customer (i.e. as part of a support incident), or by senior security management to provide support and maintenance.

Redundancy and Business Continuity

One of the fundamental philosophies of cloud computing is the acknowledgment and assumption that computer resources will at some point fail. We have designed our systems and infrastructure with that in mind.

  • Distributed Grid Architecture. En-trak services run on distributed grid architecture. That means a server can fail without a noticeable impact on the system or our services. In fact, on any given week, multiple servers fail without our customers ever noticing it. The system has been designed knowing that server will eventually fail - we have implemented our infrastructure to account for that.

  • Power Redundancy. En-trak configures its servers for power redundancy – from power supply to power delivery.

  • Internet Redundancy. En-trak uses multiple Tier-1 ISPs which mean that if any one fails or experiences a delay; you can still reliably get to your applications and information.

  • Redundant Network Devices. En-trak runs on redundant network devices (switches, routers, security gateways) to avoid any single point of failure at any level on the internal network.

  • Redundant Cooling and Temperature. Intense computing resources generate a lot of heat, and thus need to be cooled to guarantee a smooth operation. Our servers are backed by N+2 redundant HVAC systems and temperature control systems.

  • Geo Mirroring. Customer data is mirrored in a separate geographic location for Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity purposes.

  • Fire Prevention. The En-trak data centers are guarded by industry-standard fire prevention and control systems.

  • Data Protection & Back-up. User data is backed-up periodically across multiple servers, helping protect the data in the event of hardware failure or disaster.

Code Security

Release process tied with strong security metrics with stringent exit criteria: We log thousands of hours of security Code Reviews every year by our senior-most staff, principal and distinguished engineers for anti-patterns focusing on SQL injections; cross-site scripting; encryption usage; and correct usage of application APIs. A “Code Collaborator” tool is used to track the reviews and is integrated with our source-code control system for review audits.

  • We also use Static Code Analysis tools such as Coverity and Fortify to scan the code for presence of any existing anti-patterns. Consider this coarse-grained protection to complement the fine grained protections applied in Code Reviews.

  • Security Coding Standards & Industry Standard Practices followed in Business Logic; User Interface (JavaScript; CSS); Data/schema and Log: Authentication has built-in capabilities to prevent DOS and Brute Force resistance. To frustrate automated DOS attacks, we use CAPTCHA after a certain number of failed attempts. Secret and sensitive information is encrypted in storage and in transit. For most confidential data, such as Credit Card numbers, it is tokenized away from storage. Auditing, logging and reporting are in compliance with industry standard security practices.

  • Test Cases: Our developers also are required to write Unit tests to assure that code behaves properly in the face of common forms of attack.

Independent/External Validation of Assets and Practices

Regular (Independent) Penetration Testing: In addition to our industry standard practices and stringent processes to further mitigate the risk of exposing vulnerability, we follow a daily/monthly/yearly regime of security tests.

  • Daily: Static Automated Analysis with Tools.
  • Monthly: Trustwave PCI Compliance scans
  • Yearly: Negative Penetration Tests by external independent security experts. Here we assume everything is suspect and simulate BOT attacks to test whether our Firewall, Web and App servers’ hold against most stringent denial of service and other malicious attacks. We have strategic partnerships with some of the most revered names in the security practices domain, and we regularly bring those experts in-house to audit and attempt to break our code. Some of the series tests we perform against ourselves include the following:

    o    Denial of Service attack using large number of attackers trying to overwhelm servers, or to use large payloads to break         our application.

    o    Privilege escalation attack to try and access additional data without appropriate credentials.

    o    Mass mining for Information attack to try to get sensitive data, with or without valid credentials.

    o    CSRF (Cross-Site Request Forgery) Attack to try to hijack a user session and force the browser to send request to malicious sites.

    o    Cross Site Scripting attacks to reflect attacker’s content back to the user to execute and pass on sensitive information to attacker.

    o    SQL Injection attacks to inject SQL in the application with malicious intent.

    o    Cookie Management

    o    Try to break Weak Passwords

    o    Packet Sniffing Attacks to intercept sensitive or private information in flight, for example.

Zigbee Security

ZigBee is a standard for personal-area networks developed by the ZigBee Alliance (including companies like Samsung, Philips, Motorola, Texas Instruments and many others) with the aim of providing low-cost, low-power consumption, two-way, reliable, wireless communications standard for short range applications. The standard is completely open and gained ratification by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineer (IEEE) in 2003. The protocol stack of ZigBee is based on IEEE 802.15.4.

ZigBee has the advantage of long battery lifetime and can support a large number of nodes (up-to 65000) in a network. It is commonly used in remote control devices, home automation, building automation, health care, telecom services, retail services and smart energy. ZigBee encryption is based on the well-known AES algorithm for data encryption and data authentication. The ZigBee standard is a highly secured architecture with encryption, authentication and integrity at each protocol stack layer using AES-128 data encryption. This is the same encryption used by the US National Security Agency (NSA) for protecting SECRET information which requires over 2 million years to crack.